经济金融术语汉英对照表2

2018-08-18

c
  财务公司 finance companies
  财政赤字 fiscal deficit
  财政挤银行 fiscal pressure on the central bank(over monetary policy)
  财政政策与货币政策的配合 coordination of fiscal and monetary policies
  采取循序渐进的方法 in a phased and sequenced manner
  操作弹性 operational flexibility
  操纵汇率 to manipulate exchange rate
  产品构成 product composition;product mix
  产品积压 stock pile;excessive inventory
  产销率 current period inventory;(即期库存,不含前期库存)sales/output ratio
  产销衔接 marketability
  产业政策 industrial policy
  长期国债 treasury bonds
  敞口头寸 open position
  炒股 to speculate in the stock market
  承购包销 underwrite(securities)
  成套机电产品 complete sets of equipment;complete plant(s)
  城市信用社 urban credit cooperatives(uccs)
  城市合作银行 urban cooperative banks;municipal united banks
  城市商业银行 municipal commercial banks
  城乡居民收入增长超过物价涨幅 real growth in household income
  持续升温 persistent overheating
  重复布点 duplicate projects
  重置成本 replacement cost
  重组计划 restructuring plan
  筹资渠道 funding sources;financing channels
  初见成效 initial success
  出口统一管理、归口经营 canalization of exports
  出口退税 export tax rebate
  储蓄存款 household deposits(不完全等同于西方的savingsdeposits,前者包括活期存款,后者不包括。)
  储蓄分流 diversion of household deposits
  储源萎缩 decline in the availability of household savings
  传导机制 transmission mechanism
  从价税 ad valorem tax
  从紧控制 tight control
  存贷款比例 loan/deposit ratio
  存款保险体系 deposit insurance system
  存款货币银行 deposit money banks
  存款准备金 required reserves 
  


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