莫迪清华大学英文演讲稿

2019-03-23

  I particularly like the old Chinese saying--If you think in terms of a year, plant a seed; if you think in terms of ten years, plant trees; if you think in terms of 100 years, teach the people.

  In India, too, the ancient saying is vyaye krate vardhate eva nityam, vidhya dhanam sarva dhan pradhanam.

  The wealth that increases by giving. That wealth is knowledge and is supreme of all possessions.

  This is one example of how our two nations are united in their timeless wisdom.

  中国有句古话说得非常好:“一年之计,莫如树谷;十年之计,莫如树木;终身之计,莫如树人。”在印度也有同样的说法,“财富的增长源于给予,财富就是知识,高于一切身外之物。”知识这种财富是随着你的给予而越来越多的,当所有人都拥有时就达到了极致。这是我们两国之间永恒智慧统一的实例。

  I began my journey in China in Xi'an. In doing so, I retraced the footsteps of the Chinese monk Xuanzang.He travelled to India from Xi'an in the seventh century in search of knowledge and returned to Xi'an as a friend and chronicler of India.

  President Xi's visit in India last September started from Ahmedabad. It is not far from Vadnagar, my birthplace, but important, because it hosted Xuanzang and many pilgrims from China.The world's first large-scale educational exchange programme took place between India and China during the Tang Dynasty.

  Records talk of about 80 Indian monks coming to China and nearly 150 Chinese monks returning after their education in India. And yes, this was in the 10th and 11th century.

  Mumbai's rise as a port and a shipbuilding centre is because of cotton trade with China.And, those who love silk and textiles know that India's famous tanchoi sarees owe themselves to three brothers from my state of Gujarat who learnt the art of weaving from Chinese masters in the 19th century.And, in an unquestionable evidence of our ancient trade, silk in our classical Sanskrit language is called Cinapatta.

  So, the centuries-old story of our relations has been of spiritualism, learning, art and trade.It is a picture of respect for each other's civilisation and of shared prosperity.It is reflected in the human values of Dr. Dwarkanath Kotnis, a doctor from India, who treated soldiers in China during the Second World War.

  我来到中国的首站是西安,这是因为我要追随中国古代僧人玄奘的足迹。公元七世纪,为了寻求知识,他从西安出发前往印度,并作为印度的友人和年代史编者返回到西安。

  去年九月份,主席从艾哈迈达巴德开始对印度进行访问。那里离我的出生地瓦德纳加尔并不遥远,但更重要的原因是这里曾招待过玄奘和多位中国僧人。

  中印两国首次大规模的教育交流项目始于唐朝。据记载,共有大约80名印度僧人来到中国,有将近150名中国僧人在印度结束学业后返回。当然了,这些都发生在10和11世纪。

  孟买崛起成为一个港口和一个造船中心,就和中国的棉花贸易分不开。喜爱丝绸和纺织品的人都知道,印度著名的沙丽服来自于古吉拉特邦的三兄弟,这三人是在19世纪时期从中国大师那里学到了编织艺术。在古代贸易中,丝绸在经典梵语中被称为支那帕塔(Cinapatta)。

  所以,我们两国间的悠久历史源自灵性、学习、艺术和贸易等方面。这是两国互相尊重彼此的文化以及共享繁荣的美好画卷。这反映在柯棣华医生所表现出的价值观上,这位来自印度的医生曾在第二次世界大战期间在中国救治士兵。

  In many ways, our two countries reflect the same aspirations, similar challenges and the same opportunities.

  We can be inspired by each other's successes.

  And, in the global uncertainties of our times, we can reinforce each other's progress.

  Perhaps, no other economy in the world offers such opportunities for the future as India's. And, few partnerships are as filled with promise as ours.

  在很多方面,我们两国都反映出相同的愿景,拥有相似的挑战和相同的机遇。彼此的成功能够给对方以启发。在当前国际形势不确定时期,我们可以支持彼此的发展进程。也许,没有哪个国家能像印度这样提供如此的机遇。也很少有合作伙伴能像我们这样充满诚信。

  Today, we speak of Asia's resurgence. It is the result of the rise of many powers in the region at the same time.

  It is an Asia of great promise, but also many uncertainties.

  Asia's re-emergence is leading to a multi-polar world that we both welcome.

  But, it is also an unpredictable and complex environment of shifting equations.

  We can be more certain of a peaceful and stable future for Asia if India and China cooperate closely.

  如今,我们常说亚洲的复兴。这源自该区域内多支力量的同时崛起。亚洲的前景光明,同时也充满着许多不确定因素。亚洲的复兴将形成一个多极化的世界,这也是我们都乐于见到的。但是,这同时也是一个不可预知的复杂环境。

  我们确信,如果中印两国更加紧密地合作,亚洲就会拥有和平、稳定的未来。

  A resurgent Asia is seeking a bigger voice in global affairs. India and China seek a greater role in the world. It may be reforms in the United Nations Security Council or the new Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

  But, Asia's voice will be stronger and our nation's role more influential, if India and China speak in one voice - for all of us and for each other.

  Simply put, the prospects of the 21st century becoming the Asian century will depend in large measure on what India and China achieve individually and what we do together.

  The rising fortunes of 2.5 billion pairs of joined hands will be of the greatest consequence for our region and the humanity.

  This is the vision that I share with President Xi and Premier Li.

  This is the impulse that is driving our relationship.

  复兴的亚洲正在争取更多地参与国际事务。中印两国也希望在全球扮演更重要的角色。这可能是改革联合国安理会或是全新的亚洲基础设施投资银行。但是如果中印两国的意见统一,彼此互惠互利,那么亚洲的声音就会更加强大,我们的国家就会拥有更强的影响力。

  简单来说,21世纪将成为亚洲的世纪,这一前景在很大程度上取决于中印两国各自的收获以及合作的事项。25亿双手合力创造的财富对于整个亚洲和人民都将是最伟大的成果。这是我与主席和李总理的共同愿景,也是我们合作的动力。

  About 33% of the world's population is either Indian or Chinese. Yet, our people know very little of each other. We must seek inspiration from the pilgrims of the ancient times, who braved the unknown in search of knowledge, and enriched us both.

  So, we have decided to extend electronic tourist visas to Chinese nationals. We are celebrating the “Year of India” in China in 2019.

  We are launching the ‘Provincial and State Leaders Forum’ today. Later today, we will have the Yoga-Taichi event. It will represent the coming together of our two civilizations.

  We are starting the Gandhi and India Study Centre in Fudan University and a college of Yoga in Kunming.

  全球大约33%的人口是印度人或是中国人。然而两国间的人民却不甚了解彼此。我们需要从古代僧人互访中吸取灵感,敢于为了寻求知识,突破未知界限,从而互惠彼此。

  因此,我们决定向中国公民开放电子游客签证。我们即将庆祝2019年中印交流年。今天,我们就将启动省级和州级领导人论坛。今天晚些时候,我们还将举办瑜伽-太极活动。此次活动代表两国文明的相互交融。我们将在复旦大学开办甘地及印度研究中心,并在昆明成立瑜伽学院。

  President Xi has spoken eloquently about the inter-connected dreams of China and India and the new type of relationship between major countries.

  Not only are our dreams inter-connected, our future is also deeply inter- connected.

  We are at a moment, when we have the opportunity to make our choices.

  India and China are two proud civilizations and two great nations that will fulfill their destinies.

  We each have the strength and the will to choose our own paths to success.

  But, we have the ancient wisdom to know that our journey will be smoother and our future brighter, when we will walk together, confident of one another, and in step with each other.

  主席已经生动地阐释了中印两国的互通梦,以及和主要大国间的新型合作关系。不仅我们的梦想是互通的,两国的未来也是深深的相互依存的。此刻,正是我们有机会做出选择的时候。

  印度和中国是两个值得骄傲的文明大国,两国必将圆满完成既定的目标。我们都有能力并且愿意选择自己的道路获取成功。但是,古代智慧结晶告诉我们,只有我们携手共进,坚持互信,步调统一,才能使我们发展的道路更加顺利,我们的未来也会更加光明!

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