功能说明:电话机-The Telephone

  电话机

  【内容提示】

  写一篇英语文章,说明电话的用途。主要内容如下:

  ①电话是迄今发明的最受欢迎,用处最大的电器之一。

  ②电话在许多方面给人带来方便,尤其是移动电话的发明使信息的交流更加方便快捷。

  ③对于远离家门的学生和出差人员来说,电话可以缩短他们与家人的距离。

  ④有了电话就可以随时随地且很容易地与他人联系,遇到紧急情况就可以打电话求助。

  ⑤我们看了某种产品的广告后,可以通过电话询问信息,与公司订货。

  ⑥当今,我们在日常生活中离不开电话。

  【作文示范】

  The Telephone

  The telephone is one of the most welcome and useful electrical devices ever invented. No wonder more and more families have got to use their own telephones today.

  The telephone makes things easy in many ways. Especially, after the mobile telephone① appears, communication of information becomes more easy and rapid. To students and people going out for business far away from their homes, the telephone can shorten② the distance from their parents and wives and husbands and children. Thus they will get comfort in mind whenever they are homesick③ or they run into trouble. With the help of the telephone, people can keep in touch with anyone at any time and any place for urgent④ help. In such a case,  the telephone is especially important. When we read an advertisement in a newspaper or watch it on TV, we can ask for more information of a product through the telephone and even place an order.⑤

  All in all, the telephone is so helpful that we can say that nowadays we can not live without the telephone in our daily life. We will further improve the performance of the telephone so as to create better conditions for its development.

  【词语解释】

  ①mobile['m+ubai] telephone移动电话;手机

  ②shorten['M7&:tn]缩短;减少

  ③homesick['h+umsik] a.想家的

  ④urgent['+:DN+nt] a.紧急的

  ⑤place an order订货

  【写法指要】

  1)本文的正文,即扩充段,分为三个层次:电话对学生和外出办事人员的便利和好处;人们在紧急情况下可以和别人取得联系,求得帮助;通过电话可以获得产品信息,进行订货。这就是说,文章从三个方面展开或支撑了主题句中的制约思想(controlling idea)“make things easy in many ways”(多方面给人以方便)。从而,说明了电话在当今社会的功能。

  2)在上述三个层次里,作者均使用了句法和词汇上的强调手段。第一层意思里的“ their parents and wives and husbands and children”是连词叠用(polysyndeton),它能使要表达的内容更加紧密,从而取得强调的效果。第二层意思里的“any one at any time and any place”是一种语音修辞手段,称为“谐元韵”(assonance),即在一连串词语里相同的重读音节或相似元音互相呼应。在这个短语里,any的[e],at的[$],以及and的[$]相呼应,取得了强调“任何时间、任何地点,任何人”的效果。第三层意思里用了“even”一词,它本身的含义就有强调作用。